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IBS Medication And Treatment

Irritable Bowel Syndrome is a condition that occurs in 10-15% of people in the world. It is a condition that involves changes in the movements of the bowel and their frequency and in the process causes pain in the lower abdomen of the patients. Some of the factors that trigger the symptoms of IBS may include diet, lack of sleep, stress and even the change in the gut bacteria.

These factors may be different among patients and no specific stressors or foods can be pointed out for the patients to avoid. For most patients, however, the symptoms of IBS are common, with the commonest being pain and cramping. As a key symptom, it also becomes a key factor in diagnosis.

Another symptom of IBS is diarrhoea, which is majorly caused by accelerated bowel movement. This one may cause stress among patients and even makes most of them avoid social places since an onset of diarrhoea can occur any time. This happens frequently, and the stools associated with IBS are commonly loose and may contain mucus. These, among many other symptoms, are genuine indicators of IBS among patients.

We have various ways of treating IBS, one of which is medication. We administer effective drugs to patients for the purpose of alleviating or eliminating the stressors and any other causes of IBS. We also treat IBS by recommending changes in the diet and lifestyle of patient.

This form of treatment can also be effective for you since it helps you avoid diets and lifestyle that may cause IBS. Apart from the common medication discussed below, you can also benefit by watching this video since it offers alternative IBS medication.

IBS Medication

In treating IBS using medicine, we administer drugs that aim at suppressing the symptoms of IBS such as diarrhoea, constipation and bowel movements. Most of these medicines relieve you of the IBS symptoms and are supposed to be taken under instructions. Below are some of the common medications we administer to IBS patients:

1. Loperamide

We often put patients suffering from IBS under various IBS medications, some of which are antibiotics. Loperamide is one of the drugs we use in the control of acute diarrhoea and diarrhoea associated with IBS. This drug is one in a class of medications known as antidiarrheal agents.

Loperamide works by reducing the flow of fluids into the bowel and also helps in the slowing down of the bowel movement so as to decrease the number of bowel movements. It comes in the form of a capsule, tablet, suspension or solution that is to be taken through the mouth.

Prescription loperamide may be taken on a schedule, say one to three times in a day as instructed. Loperamide should also be given to children in the right way. We advise parents to give their children a dose that matches their weight or seek clarification if you are not sure of the dosage. We also advise patients using loperamide to call us whenever the diarrhoea lasts for more than 48 hours or symptoms get worse.

2. Rifaximin (Xifaxan)

Rifaximin is another IBS medication used in the treatment of IBS. We administer this drug in the form of 200-mg tablets to treat the diarrhoea associated with IBS, which may be caused by certain gut bacteria. According to MedlinePlus, Rifaximin treats IBS by inhibiting the growth of bacteria that cause IBS.

We administer this drug only when you need it since taking antibiotics against the instructions or when not needed may result in increased risks of getting infections that are resistant to antibiotic treatment.
You can take the Rifaximin tablets with or without eating food.

Normally, we advise patients to take the tablet three time in a day for the treatment of diarrhoea, and this continues for three days. For the general treatment of IBS, we prescribe Rifaximin for patients, to be taken thrice a day for 14 days.

According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine, Rifaximin should not be taken in less or more doses than the prescribed as this may be associated with side effects such as rash, hives, watery diarrhoea, breathing or swallowing difficulties and hoarseness. We advise that patients experiencing such side effects or more severe ones to reach out to us for assistance.

3. Eluxadoline (Viberzi)

We prescribe Eluxadoline for IBS patients in the form of a tablet, which is taken with food twice a day. This drug falls under the category of medications known as mu-opioid receptor agonists, which we use in decreasing the activity of the bowel. According to NIH, normal side effects of using this drug include nausea and vomiting, and you should not be terrified when you experience these.

4. Alosetron (Lotronex)

We prescribe this drug strictly for female IBS patients, who should take it according to the instructions. Alosetron comes in handy in relieving cramps pain and also eliminates diarrhoea. We normally start any IBS patient on a low alosetron dose and examine its symptom control after 4 weeks.

IBS treatment in children and adults can be done through medication. Although there other ways of IBS treatment, medication is best for relieving the lower abdomen associated with IBS. Whenever symptoms persist, visit your doctor for assistance and probably change of medication.

Hyperlinks inserted:
10-15% of people –
onset of diarrhoea –
watching this video –
MedlinePlus –
U.S. National Library of Medicine –
female IBS patients –